How many countries are in Africa?
How many countries are in Africa?

How many Countries are in Africa?

Africa is the world’s second-largest continent, but how many countries are in Africa, and what are they called? In today’s OnlyQuestion article, we take a look into what these countries are and a little bit about them! Let’s jump straight into it!  

How many countries are there in Africa? 

There are 54 countries in Africa. Algeria is the largest, Egypt is the most well-known, and Saint Helena is the smallest. These countries are further divided into 4 segments, these are Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Southern Africa (not to be confused with South Africa), and West Africa. 

How big is Africa? 

As Africa is the second largest continent, it’s pretty big! Africa is 30.37 million km² in size. This is roughly the same distance as going to the Moon 39 times (there and back). For other continent comparisons, Asia is 44.58 million km² and North America is 24.71 million km². 

What are the 54 countries in Africa? 

The countries in Africa are as follows. Please note this list is largest to smallest in size in population, then the size of the country! These statistics are in line with data from 2021. 

  • Nigeria  
  • Ethiopia  
  • Egypt  
  • DR Congo 
  • Tanzania South Africa 
  • Kenya 
  • Uganda 
  • Algeria 
  • Sudan 
  • Morocco 
  • Angola 
  • Mozambique 
  • Ghana 
  • Madagascar 
  • Cameroon 
  • Cote d’Ivoire 
  • Niger 
  • Burkina Faso 
  • Mali 
  • Malawi 
  • Zambia 
  • Senegal 
  • Chad 
  • Somalia 
  • Zimbabwe 
  • Guinea 
  • Rwanda 
  • Benin 
  • Burundi 
  • Tunisia 
  • South Sudan 
  • Togo 
  • Sierra Leone 
  • Libya 
  • Congo 
  • Liberia 
  • Central African Republic 
  • Mauritania 
  • Eritrea 
  • Namibia 
  • Gambia 
  • Botswana 
  • Gabon 
  • Lesotho 
  • Guinea-Bissau 
  • Equatorial Guinea 
  • Mauritius 
  • Eswatini 
  • Djibouti 
  • Comoros 
  • Cabo Verde 
  • Sao Tome & Principe 
  • Seychelles 

Other dependencies (or other territories not defined in Africa are; ) 

  • Réunion – 897,312 – Dependent of France 
  • Saint Helena – 6,294 – Dependent of the United Kingdom (UK) 
  • Western Sahara – 601,436 – Disputed Dependencies 
  • Mayotte – 279,819 – Dependent of France 
Zebra's in Africa
Zebras in Africa

What languages do they speak in Africa? 

With Africa being one of the most culturally diverse continents on the planet, there is many languages that are spoken in Africa. These include (but are not all of them due to local tribes/languages); 

  • Arabic 
  • Somali 
  • Berber 
  • Amharic 
  • Oromo 
  • Igbo 
  • Swahili 
  • Hausa 
  • Manding 
  • Fulani 
  • Yoruba 
  • French  


With this continent featuring 54 countries, there’s no doubt that this is one of the underestimated, but full-of possibility continents on the planet. For more information about Africa, or if you want to learn more about continents then find out more here on our continents post

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